Book Review: Outgrowing God by Richard Dawkins

One of the first things I did when I wanted to educate myself on atheism was read The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins. Predictable, I know. I was a sophomore at the super-Christian, super-conservative Grove City College and all that I knew was that my professors hated Dawkins, so he must be doing something right. When I bought my own copy of The God Delusion, (the first book in my collection), I kept it hidden inside the cover of another, unsuspicious, book. I was still a closeted atheist at college, but moreso to my Lutheran family at home.

I got a signed UK copy even though I live in the US because I like the cover better!

I couldn’t help but think back to this time of my life as I read Dawkins’ newest book Outgrowing God: A Beginner’s Guide. It’s not meant to be The God Delusion for younger people, but something more along the lines of Atheism for Teens (or other beginners). Its intended audience is what makes this book unique, but I think that that’s also what will make its intended goal notoriously difficult. The first challenge for a book meant for teenagers who are beginning to doubt their parents’ religion is that these sneaky teens have to gain access to it.

When I was in the closet, I refused to even search for atheism-related books on Amazon, because I shared an account with my family and they would see my search history. So if the readers of this book are like I was, they would have a hard time even getting their hands on it. And once they do, will they have an inconspicuous place to hide it, or another book’s cover to put around it? Even more importantly, is what they will learn from this book worth the trouble of sneaking around and hiding it from everyone?

Outgrowing God is split up into two parts: “Goodbye God” and “Evolution and beyond”. “Goodbye God” contains the following chapters:

1. So many gods!
2. But is it true?
3. Myths and how they start
4. The Good Book?
5. Do we need God in order to be good?
6. How do we decide what is good?

I thoroughly enjoyed Part One. Admittedly, it was a pretty watered down version of some of the questions you may ask someone who is doubting their faith, but that’s what it’s meant to be. It’s a first step for those who have never before taken one. We look at why one might believe in the god they do when there are so many options, we see some biblical contradictions, and we touch on morality and why the bible may not be the most reliable source for it. It’s also pretty funny at times, which I really appreciated, if not found surprising, coming from a man in his seventies writing a book for teenagers. I may be a few years out of that age range, but I thought the tone was spot on—witty but not condescending.

If you know me, then you know that Part Two was about one of my favorite subjects ever—evolution. This was especially refreshing to read following one of my now-favorite books of all time, Donald Johanson’s Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind. Compared to Part One of Outgrowing God, Part Two was much less pejorative and much more focused, understandably, as biology (not theology) is Dawkins’ field. Part Two included the chapters:

7. Surely there must be a designer?
8. Steps toward improbability
9. Crystals and jigsaw puzzles
10. Bottom up or top down?
11. Did we evolve to be religious? Did we evolve to be nice?
12. Taking courage from science

Dawkins’ point in Part Two is essentially showing these skeptical teens that even though our world may appear to be designed, everything has a natural explanation, whether we know it yet or not. With his illustrations and many recommendations of scientific YouTube videos, he shows us some of the wonders of nature that make him the passionate biologist that he is. You can tell from his writing that he loves what he does, which makes it that much more special.

The more I look at the US cover, the more I think it looks like a science textbook…

At times, though, this excitement makes me feel like a high schooler in biology class whose teacher is trying to ignite his same passion for science in all his students. It’s admirable, but the students aren’t guaranteed to share that passion for how crystals or gastrulas form. These explanations are at a pretty detailed level, but Dawkins still tries to make it not too complicated by using analogies and metaphors, so I sometimes felt like I wasn’t learning the actual processes he was metaphorically explaining. That said, I was that student in science class all through school. No matter how amazing science is, I will never be moved by the intricacies of the Krebs cycle.

I know that Dawkins is an impressive science writer. Throughout reading Outgrowing God, I felt that he could have made references to The Selfish Gene, Climbing Mount Improbable, or The Blind Watchmaker. Out of these, I’ve only read the beginning of The Selfish Gene (it was too hard for me; I said I’m bad at detailed science), but these books’ topics seem to elaborate more on things that were only touched on in Outgrowing God. Dawkins did refer once to The Magic of Reality, which makes sense as I believe it’s written to the same age range as Outgrowing God.

More so, I wish Dawkins could have stayed more on the topic of losing belief in God, as that’s in the title of the book. Where Part One was why we can believe that religions are myths, Part Two could have been defending against various religious arguments using science. Instead, it defended against one “argument”—(that the universe appears to be designed) with lots of high-school level science lessons. I would have liked to see something more specific; for example, Dawkins could have shown how Genesis portrays Adam and Eve and a six-day creation (and supposedly a young earth), which directly contradicts evolution and our scientific understanding of the age of the earth. The way that it was written, I often forget which part of religion we were supposed to be “debunking” in the first place.

Overall, I thought Outgrowing God was a nice and concise introduction to atheism and science for those who may have never been exposed to them before. As far as I know, there aren’t a lot of books out right now trying to market atheism to a younger audience, so I think this is a good first try. I don’t find it particularly comparable to The God Delusion, which is way more in-depth and written to an older and more educated audience (which I wasn’t when I read it, which may be why it took me so long). The God Delusion is a lot longer and covers so many more topics.

If I had to choose, I would say I prefer The God Delusion over Outgrowing God, and you can read my review of The God Delusion here. My favorite part of Outgrowing God—possibly because it was the part I’m least familiar with—was when Dawkins shared what he learned of the reliability of the gospels and the existence of Jesus from Bart Ehrman. Naturally I chose a Bart Ehrman book, Did Jesus Exist? to read next.

Pssst! Hey! You! Yeah, you! I made an Instagram! It’s really cool and you should definitely follow it! But don’t forget to follow me on Twitter, too! Okay, that’s all! Have a great Sunday!

8 thoughts on “Book Review: Outgrowing God by Richard Dawkins

  • I should actually read it, but what was roughly his argument for how do we decide what is good? In most interviews I’ve seen him in his answer yo those kinds of questions is usually “best speak with the moral philosophers” or will refer to his friends Dan Dennett or Sam Harris.

    Liked by 1 person

    • I don’t have the book on me right now but I think it was more about determining why we should(n’t) take our morals from the Bible. I think he told the story of Abraham and Isaac as a demonstration and proposed that even if you get your morals from the Bible, you still have to decide which ones are good or not (loving your neighbor vs beating your slaves). It was a weird way of posing the question though

      Liked by 1 person

      • Oh ok thanks. Yes that sounds similar to what I have heard from him before. And I agree. I like to treat religious texts as any other historical philosopher: some things correct and before their time and other things wrong and respresentative of their time.

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  • I wonder if he touches on the fact that is the underlay to my atheism. That is one year in my Catholic high school we studied the Bible, King James Version. If there’s one to know about King James I’ve heard he was a flaming homosexual. That fascinates me.

    But anyhow it’s then we learned of all the things scribes did including copy error, translation error and even editorializing. It’s then you discover the entirety of Christianity is based on only so much woo or he said and nothing more.

    Liked by 1 person

  • Another great book review. I think Dawkins’ books in general have that touch of science at a level that challenges me. But the writing is good and I’ve read several. I prefer others a little closer to my mindset simply because it works for me. However, Dawkins books are worth the effort. I am concerned (now) with an aspect of atheism I have not thought much about. That is the relationship of atheists to intelligentsia. Must one be well-read and educated to escape the prison or religion?

    Liked by 2 people

    • Not necessarily, but it helps. A recent scientific study showed that, on the average, Atheists were a little smarter than the religiosos. What really helps is strength of will/character, and a sense of individuality and self-worth. Sheep will never leave the flock. Toss in the willingness to question and follow the evidence, as well as some skepticism, and the ability to change, and one more soul exits the Matrix. It can be a difficult birth into a new reality, but well worth it. 😀

      Liked by 1 person

  • Bart Ehrman was recently on an episode of a podcast called ‘Unbelievable?’ (link at the bottom to the podcast). When I heard him on it I was fascinated, because there are academic and really well read people who doubt the Bible is literally true. Sure they might still think it’s a massively important document, but if you can’t trust the words within it, then how can you trust it as the basis of your life?

    I really enjoyed reading ‘The Magic of Reality’ a few months ago, I also really enjoyed reading ‘The God Delusion’ a couple of years ago, so I am very interested to see how I find this book when I get around to it.

    I am deep into Lucy now (the book you link in this article) after reading your review, and like you genuinely find evolution far more amazing that anything held within the pages of the Bible.

    It is very interesting how Dawkins clearly thinks that an understand of evolution helps with the process of leaving the unfounded religious beliefs of your parents behind. I have defiantly found it to be so.


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  • Re “Out of these, I’ve only read the beginning of The Selfish Gene (it was too hard for me; I said I’m bad at detailed science)…” Don’t judge yourself … that’s what family and friends are for! Just because in the past you haven’t been thrilled by your performance in science classes (considering your education, not surprising) doesn’t mean you have no talent for that or that you “can’t do” that, it just means you haven’t yet.

    I ended up with a Master’s Degree in Chemistry, part of that I lay at the feet of reading dozens and dozens of chemistry books written for lay people. These books were wonderful. First they told stories about the people involved in developing the science. (For some unfathomable reason we have removed all of the personal stories about scientists from our text books and replaced them with “relevant” material.) Second, they assumed nothing, took everything from the simple to the more complex and avoided using too much jargon. These readings provided me with a “forest” while my chemistry classes were teaching me about the trees, no the bark on the trees.

    If science is important to you, know that there is a road forward to greater understand, not necessarily to quantum physics but at least toward such topics. No scientist is “great” at all sciences, that is why we “specialize,” following the one that energizes/interests us the most.

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